16-18 themes of 18 in total
  • 1860s


    Public houses and new buildings

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    In 1800, Brighton had one inn for every thirty houses. They were used for markets, auctions, and even for staging trials. As time passed, the better inns turned into hotels; others became 'public houses'. By 1860 there were 479 pubs and beer-shops in Brighton, more than all the local butchers, bakers, grocers and greengrocers combined. However, they began to be replaced by purpose built theatres and hotels as some of Brighton's most famous landmarks opened (e.g. The Grand Hotel, 1864 and The West Pier, 1866). But the tradition of pubs providing live entertainment, especially music, continued.

  • 1850s


    Industrial development and hoards of day-trippers

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    The coming of the railway in the 1840s brought rapid urban and industrial development and hoards of day-trippers from London. They were attacted, not only by the sea, but by the Royal Pavilion which opened its grounds to the public on 29 June 1850 when bye-laws were made to prohibit smoking, intoxication, begging, games, and ragged or offensive attire. Between 1852-4 the station was enlarged and the platforms extended to cope with increasing visitors.

  • 1840s


    The coming of the railway

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    Brighton emerged as a health resort during the 18th century and became a destination for day-trippers after the arrival of the railway in 1841. In 1845 a floating breakwater was constructed to protect the Chain Pier. However, it was only in place for a year before being towed away - but this didn't stop tourists to Brighton. In 1848 it was estimated that 250,000 people visited the town. One of the attractions, both then and now, was the Royal Pavilion which was purchased by the town for £53,000 in 1849.

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